justice – processes and mechanisms
implemented by societies to come to terms with a legacy of massive human rights
abuses. These include criminal accountability enforced by courts, truth
seeking efforts taken by non-judicial bodies, reparations (link) and
reform of laws and institutions.
– a range of material or symbolic measures and benefits granted to victims, either
individually or as a group, with a principal aim to rectify past human rights abuses. Proper
reparations should consist of a balanced mix of different forms of reparations
such as restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees
– restoring the victim,
as far as possible, to a
position occupied before the human rights violation occurred. This might
necessitate restoring public infrastructure, or making their neighborhoods safe
to live in.
– Providing economic resources to victims for loss
suffered, including physical/mental harm, material damages, and lost
opportunities. This can be done through a one-off sum, or a life-time income.
– The process of restoring
victims´ physical and mental health, and social standing by continually
offering medical, psychological, legal, social and other services.
Satisfaction – A range of non-monetary or symbolic measures specifically
designed to afford satisfaction to the victims beyond financial compensation.
Memorialization of atrocities, identifying remains of deceased persons or
recognizing events as international crimes are some of possible measures.
Guarantees of non-repetition – a set of broader, usually institutional, measures seeking to
ensure that similar atrocities do not happen again. These are crucial to
providing assurance to victims who may fear retaliation or future harm.
Gross human rights violations – are particularly severe and widespread violations of basic
human rights. In lack of an internationally recognized definition the
following violations as well as the violations of comparable gravity shall be
considered gross human rights violations:
Summary or arbitrary
Slavery and the slave
Prolonged and arbitrary
Use of child soldiers;
Torture or cruel, inhuman,
or degrading treatment or punishment;
Crimes against humanity
(defined in the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court);
Apartheid and systematic
racial and religious discrimination;
violence (CRSV) (rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy,
enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable
conflict – an
armed confrontation between military forces of two or
more states or between state forces and non-state armed groups or between such
groups only of certain intensity and level of organization.
Victims – persons who individually or
collectively suffered harm,
including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of their
fundamental rights, including the immediate family or dependents of the
basic C4JR documents are: position paper on reparations, founding charter and list of activities.
Position paper on Reparations
Plan of Activities
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